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The Berlin Phonogram-Archive is part of the ethnomusicology department of the Museum of Ethnology in Berlin. The Archive was established by Professor Carl Stumpf at the Institute of Psychology of Berlin University. The foundation of this unique collection of music began in 1900 with the recording of a Thai theatre group at the Berlin Zoological Garden.

Today it holds one of the world’s finest and most comprehensive collections of traditional music, including 351 collections of wax-cylinders (ca. 16,700 originals/ total collection ca. 30,000) made between 1893 and 1954 with the Phonograph in different regions of the world.